Building record MYO1052 - Church Cottages, 1-3 All Saints Lane, 31 North Street

Summary

A row of three, timber framed, jettied cottages built in the late 15th century, with 19th century additions. The cottages were restored in 1973.

Location

Grid reference Centred SE 6005 5177 (16m by 14m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire

Map

Type and Period (5)

Full Description

Includes: Nos.1 AND 2 Church Cottages ALL SAINTS LANE. Row of 3 cottages. Late C15; altered later and modernised in C20. Timber-framed with infilling of orange-buff brick in stretcher bond; roof part tile, part pantile.

EXTERIOR: 2-storey range, gable end to North Street; North Street front of 2 bays, with 2-storey 1-bay wing to right; front to All Saints Lane 4 unequal bays. Adjacent fronts jettied, with dragon post at corner. North Street front has C20 board door in wing: ground floor of gable wall has 12-pane sash, with 2-light casement on first floor. Crown post roof truss with curved braces and struts exposed in gable end. Nos 1 and 2 All Saints Lane have C20 board doors and unequal 9-pane ground floor sash windows; right end bay has 20-pane fixed light. On first floor are three 2-light casements. All first floor windows have square lattice glazing. Dragon post is enriched with carved quatrefoils, rosettes and embattled cresting. Jetty plates are lodged.

INTERIOR: not fully inspected. RCHM record exposed joists to ground floor rooms, and dragon-beam to No.31 North Street. Roof is of crown post trusses with common rafters and collar purlins. No fireplaces survive.

(City of York: RCHME: South-west of the Ouse: HMSO: 1972-: 98-99).
Listing NGR: SE6005951779

Derived from English Heritage LB download dated: 22/08/2005

Church Cottages, No. 31 North Street and Nos. 1, 2 All Saints' Lane (formerly Church Lane), are owned by the Church now and probably ever since their construction in the late 15th century. They face the N. side of All Saints', North Street. Evidence for the period of construction is the S.E. corner post, with embattled cresting and rose-like paterae. The timber framing and roof structure with common rafters, crown-posts and collar-purlins, are typical of York buildings of that period.

The building comprises a two-storey range of six unequal bays, and a small wing at the E. end. It formed three dwellings each occupying two bays, that at S. end having a small hall in the projecting wing. The upper floor is jettied along the S. side and across the E. gable end. No original openings remain intact, as windows and doors have been replaced at various times. However, it is possible to conjecture a reconstruction of the first-floor windows to S., where a series of pegs occurs in a horizontal line on some of the studs and braces, midway between the wall-plate and bressumer; they serve no structural purpose now, but originally must have carried a horizontal timber, or a series of brackets, and suggest shallow oriel windows of timber construction, with sills pegged to the main timbers.

In the second bay from E., a small 18th-century oriel window exists, probably replacing a similar one. The N. elevation is largely rebuilt in brick and the W. gable is partly covered by a later structure. Internally there are exposed joists to the ground-floor rooms and a dragon-beam to the S.E. angle. All three dwellings have fireplaces inserted in the 18th century, and no evidence remains of any earlier form of heating. The central and W. cottages have simple steep staircases of ladder-like appearance and of uncertain date, replacing original ones which must have been similar, as the arrangement of the joists to accommodate them remains unaltered. The upper rooms of the central and W. cottages are open to the roof.

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 3, South west. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1972. Monument 104.

NMR Information

Full description(s) (SE 60065178 - O.S 1/2500, 1963)

1. NORTH STREET 5343

No 31 (Church Cottages) SE 6051 NW 28/412 14.6.54 II* GV

2. Includes Nos 1 and 2 All Saints' Lane. Late C15 with later alterations and restorations. Timber frame with brick nogging; 2 storeys; 1st floor overhang, except to No 2 All Saints' Lane; early C19 Yorkshire sliding sash windows, irregularly disposed. No 31 has original enriched corner post carved wih quatrefoil and rosette ornaments and embattled moulding, also gable with exposed timber frame; later simple doorways; plain eaves; old and new tiles. Interior largely altered but with some exposed timbers, including a dragon beam at the south-east angle. (RCHM Vol III, Monument 104).

Sources

List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. p. 259-60 City of York, June 1983
2 List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. District of York, 14-MAR-1997

BF060941 CHURCH COTTAGES, YORK File of material relating to a site or building. This material has not yet been fully catalogued.


NMR, NMR data (Unpublished document). SYO2214.

RCHME, 1972, RCHME City of York Volume III South-west of the Ouse (Monograph). SYO64.

Sources/Archives (2)

  • --- Unpublished document: NMR. NMR data.
  • --- Monograph: RCHME. 1972. RCHME City of York Volume III South-west of the Ouse.

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

May 12 2020 5:07PM

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