Building record MYO1126 - 45-51 Monkgate


45-51 Monkgate, a row of 4 houses built in 1830-40. Includes attached walls and railings


Grid reference Centred SE 6074 5243 (27m by 31m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire


Type and Period (6)

Full Description

Row of 4 houses, now houses and guesthouses. 1830-40. Brick in Flemish bond with painted stone dressings and slate roofs. EXTERIOR: 3 storeys plus attic and basement. Each house 2 bays. The facade of No.45 projects slightly, and Nos 47-51 have a continuous first floor sill band. The windows are glazing bar sashes with rusticated lintels with false keystones. The lintels to No.45 are of unpainted stone. No.51 has a wide canted bay window at ground floor and cellar level which has sashes without glazing bars and a cornice. Each house has an attic dormer. The doorways are in the right-hand bays, except for No.45, which has a doorway in the left-hand bay. The doorcases have engaged fluted Doric columns and panelled reveals. The doors have 6 panels and have overlights. The overlights to Nos 45 and 47 are glazed with margin panes. Ridge chimneys between houses. INTERIOR: not inspected. SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: the garden front walls are of brick with stone and concrete copings. Nos 45 and 51 have cast-iron gates with turned gateposts which have ball finials. No.47 has similar gate piers but no gate. To the left of the gate to No.45 the wall is curved and carries railings. The front and left-hand side walls to No.51 also carry railings, with cast-iron spear finials. (An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of the City of York: RCHME: Outside the City Walls East of the Ouse: HMSO: 1975-: 88).
Listing NGR: SE6073652433

Derived from English Heritage LB download dated: 22/08/2005

Nos. 45–51 (odd), dating from 1830–40, form a terrace and are of three storeys with basements and attics. The doorcases have reeded half-columns. The windows of Nos. 47–51 have decorated key blocks and continuous sill-bands on the first floor.

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of the City of York: RCHME: Outside the City Walls East of the Ouse: HMSO: 1975-: 88. Monument 263

A heritage statement was prepared for no. 51 in 2023 by FAS Heritage. This summised that the house retains many internal detail from the Georgian period however, significant changes have been made in the late 20th century realting to windows, fireplaces and the construction of a kitchen extension.
The site of 43-51 Monkgate was purchased in 1821 by Richard Wood of York (joiner) and William Lockey the Younger of York (gent)(E97, fos. 124v-125v, cited in HEA BF60879). At the time of purchase, the site consisted of two plots of land, which together measured 41 yards long by 40
yards wide. Houses were built on the site shortly afterwards. By 1830, all but one of the houses have occupants listed.
Richard Wood owned a timber business which he ran from No. 43 [then No. 44] from 1828-1838 and a Richard Leonard Wood was there in 1861.
Census records for Monkgate include a number of entries for No. 51 Monkgate, which must be treated with caution until the numbering used in any one year can be verified. In 1861, however, one Joseph Terry, ‘confectioner’ is listed at No. 51 Monkgate with his wife Frances and two children. This individual, son of Joseph, the founder of Terry’s chocolate factory, took over the business with his brothers and saw its continued growth. Joseph Terry (junior) had been listed in 1851 at St Helen’s Square with his mother, but presumably moved to his own household following his marriage to Frances Goddard in 1854, before moving to Mount Villa by 1871. A second entry, also for No. 51, lists one Eleanor Blakey, Harriet Atkinson (niece) and a servant, Rachel York, suggesting some possible discrepancy with numbering, or that more than one household occupied the same property.

NMR Information
List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest District of York, 14-MAR-1997

BF060879 45-51 MONKGATE, YORK File of material relating to a site or building. This material has not yet been fully catalogued

FAS Heritage, 51 Monkgate (Unpublished document). SYO3035.

RCHME, 1975, RCHME Volume 4, Outside the City Walls East of the Ouse (Monograph). SYO2424.

NMR, 2019, NMR data (Digital archive). SYO2214.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Digital archive: NMR. 2019. NMR data.
  • --- Monograph: RCHME. 1975. RCHME Volume 4, Outside the City Walls East of the Ouse.
  • --- Unpublished document: FAS Heritage. 51 Monkgate.

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Oct 20 2023 3:20PM


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