Monument record MYO178 - Deserted settlement

Summary

The settlement of Scagglethorpe is recorded in Domesday and later documentary sources. By the 20th century only a few farm workers houses remained around Thickpenny Lane. The settlment name is reflected in Scagglethorpe Moor.

Location

Grid reference SE 5399 5500 (point)
Map sheet SE55NW
County North Yorkshire

Map

Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Scaklethorp, the ninth of Edw II was the lands of William Ross; but Thomas Ughtred was owner thereof in the eighth year of Edward III, and had licensed from the king to impark hiw woods of Kerby and Monkton upon the moor, and Scaklethorpe.

In the book of Doomesday it is recorded, that in the Scaklethorpe, and in the two Poppletons are six carucats of land and a half, of the land of Ernum Catenas, which Osborne de Archis holds, as witnessed, to the use of William Mallet

Eboracum: The History and Antiquities of the City of York, from its Original to the Present Time; together with the History of the Cathedral Church and the Lives of the Archbishops, p.396: SYO2576

In Scagglethorpe (in Moor Monkton) Earnwine had 3 caracutes of land to the geld. There is land for 3 ploughs. Ermenfrid, Osbern's man. Has 1 villain and 4 borders there and 3 agres of meadow. There is woodland pasture half a league long and 4 acres broad. The whole 1 league long and half broad.

The reign of Edward Confessor worth 10s 8d: now 6d.

They testify that 1 manor in Scagglethorpe (Moor Monkton), and 1 manor in the two Poppletons, 6 and a half carucatesof the land of Earnwine… Catensae, which Osboern d'Arques holds for Malet's [William] use and they that Earnwine the priest ought to have them of Robert Malet

Domesday Book: A complete Translation. Penguin. p 848, 858

As its name is Norse, this is almost certainly a later settlement than Moor Monkton, probably meaning Skakli's farmstead and it would have been founded sometime in the 9th century. The thorpe tag also implies that it was subsidiary to a larger settlement - almost certainly Moor Monkton.

After the Norman invasion the Ughtred family built their manor house at Red House, about 1km to the north east of Scagglethorpe, by the River Ouse and that became the administrative centre for the small village. In 1527 there was a reference to a mill in Scagglethorpe. Scagglethorpe was probably a nucleated settlement at first but, after the early enclosure of the outlying lands by the Ughtreds, it would have developed into a more dispersed village as farms were established in the outlying enclosures. Due to this early enclosure, Scagglethorpe was the more valuable of the 3 manors, a state that continued until at least 1715 when the Slingsbys owned the estate.

The settlement began to decline due to a consolidation of farms, more of its land was being farmed by tenants based in the more populous Moor Monkton and, as this was owned by the Slingsbys as well, the importance of Scagglethorpe waned. This shrinkage of the number of dwellings continued until the early 20th century when only Thickpenny remained as a farmstead and Kitchen House (also known as Hudson‘s Cottage and now Woodview) and Frog Hall were both labourers‘ cottages.

Now all that remains of Scagglethorpe are Woodview, the 4 residences of Thickpenny, the relatively recent Scagglethorpe Lodge and Scallymoor Farm. A few sites of earlier dwellings may be guessed at along Thickpenny Lane, close to the Deighton Plantation.

http://www.moormonktonmercury.co.uk/historypages/scagglethorpe.html


Francis Drake, 1736, Eboracum: The History and Antiquities of the City of York, from its Original to the Present Time; together with the History of the Cathedral Church and the Lives of the Archbishops, p.396 (Bibliographic reference). SYO2576.

Sources/Archives (1)

  • --- Bibliographic reference: Francis Drake. 1736. Eboracum: The History and Antiquities of the City of York, from its Original to the Present Time; together with the History of the Cathedral Church and the Lives of the Archbishops. p.396.

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Sep 12 2022 3:42PM

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