Monument record MYO3630 - Roman Fortified Enclosure


This possible Roman fortified enclosure has been proposed by the RCHM€ from three excavations in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The supposed enclosure includes buried remains adjoing the fortress on the NW and at the least including the area containing the ruins of St Mary's Abbey, the Yorkshire Museum, the Kin'g's Manor House and the Art Gallery


Grid reference Centred SE 5999 5221 (261m by 263m)
Map sheet SE55SE
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire
Civil Parish York, City of York, North Yorkshire


Type and Period (2)

Full Description

NMR Information:

[Area centred SE 600522]. A fortified enclosure adjoins the Roman fortress on the N.W. A massive wall continues the line of the S.W. wall of the fortress. It probably turned N.E. under Marygate and continued as far N.E. as Bootham. The enclosure so formed would have a minimum size of some 600 ft. square. Remains revealed by excavation are:-
(a) wall running SE-NW under S. wall of S. aisle of St. Mary's Abbey Church, in line with the S.W. wall of fortress (59945213).
(b) wall under Marygate running SW-NE, exposed at 59955229 and 59975233 in 19th century.
(c) Street and building within enclosure in garden of Yorkshire School for the Blind at 60025223. Excavated in 1928. (1)

Probably a fort annexe. (2)

RCHME: Blind School Excavation, York
RCHME: Legionary Fortress, Fortified Enclosure NW of Fortress, York
1 An inventory of the historical monuments in the City of York. Volume I: Eburacum: Roman York 45-7 Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, England
2 Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments R2 KJD 05-OCT-95

York Museums Trust, 2015, South Bowling Green, Museum Gardens (Unpublished document). SYO1796.

University of York, 2016, Kings Manor (Unpublished document). SYO1880.

Sources/Archives (2)

  • --- Unpublished document: York Museums Trust. 2015. South Bowling Green, Museum Gardens.
  • --- Unpublished document: University of York. 2016. Kings Manor.

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (6)

Record last edited

May 26 2020 2:39PM


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