Building record MYO3694 - Newgate early 14th century houses built over part of St Sampsons Churchyard

Summary

Newgate first appears in 14th century but its origins are unclear and may have been a new road or a modification of an existing lane. The row of houses that survive on the north-west side of Newgate (MYO1050 Nos 12-15) are thought to be associated with the foundation of a chapel within St Sampson’s Church. This monument represents those houses that were aprt of the terrace that have been demolished and survived only as subsurface features and deposits. The church may have been founded before the Norman Conquest but the present building was heavily modified through the 19th and early 20th centuries. Evidence for the earlier church was exposed during modification work in 1974 where a wall under the south-west arcade appeared to be Norman. The chapel in the north aisle contained a chantry to the Virgin Mary set up in 1268 and re-founded in 1337 and it is this re-foundation that may have led to the construction of the row of buildings within the churchyard (Raine 1955, 171-2; RCHMY 5, 44). The row has been studied (Short 1979 and RCHMY5, 170-1) and can be associated with a charter issued in 1336 for their construction. The surviving part of the row (Nos 12-15 forming the north-eastern boundary to the excavations) is thought to have originally consisted of ten or twelve tenements. Based on the standing buildings it is suggested that they were self-contained units with one room on each floor with the upper room open to the roof. Restoration at No.12 indicated the original door would have been on the north-east side with an internal staircase giving access to the room above. Unusually the Newgate row was jettied on front and rear elevations. No 13 and 14 were cut back and heightened in the 19th century.

Location

Grid reference Centred SE 6039 5188 (12m by 13m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire

Map

Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Newgate first appears in 14th century but its origins are unclear and may have been a new road or a modification of an existing lane. The row of houses that survive on the north-west side of Newgate (MYO1050 Nos 12-15) are thought to be associated with the foundation of a chapel within St Sampson’s Church. This monument represents those houses that were aprt of the terrace that have been demolished and survived only as subsurface features and deposits. The church may have been founded before the Norman Conquest but the present building was heavily modified through the 19th and early 20th centuries. Evidence for the earlier church was exposed during modification work in 1974 where a wall under the south-west arcade appeared to be Norman. The chapel in the north aisle contained a chantry to the Virgin Mary set up in 1268 and re-founded in 1337 and it is this re-foundation that may have led to the construction of the row of buildings within the churchyard (Raine 1955, 171-2; RCHMY 5, 44).

The row has been studied (Short 1979 and RCHMY5, 170-1) and can be associated with a charter issued in 1336 for their construction. The surviving part of the row (Nos 12-15 forming the north-eastern boundary to the excavations) is thought to have originally consisted of ten or twelve tenements. Based on the standing buildings it is suggested that they were self-contained units with one room on each floor with the upper room open to the roof. Restoration at No.12 indicated the original door would have been on the north-east side with an internal staircase giving access to the room above. Unusually the Newgate row was jettied on front and rear elevations. No 13 and 14 were cut back and heightened in the 19th century.


YAT draft level 4 text (Unpublished document). SYO133.

1979, The 14th century rows of York (Article in Journal). SYO1388.

RCHME, 1981, City of York Volume V: The Central Area, p170-171 (Monograph). SYO65.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Unpublished document: YAT draft level 4 text.
  • --- Article in Journal: 1979. The 14th century rows of York.
  • --- Monograph: RCHME. 1981. City of York Volume V: The Central Area. p170-171.

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Sep 30 2014 5:23PM

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