Route record MYO4189 - Roman Road RCHME 5

Summary

Road 5 from the NW enters the city at NG 588533 south of Shipton Road. Its course from the lane at the back of Homestead Gardens to Water End was formerly marked by a parish boundary now obsolete. Opposite the entrance to Homestead Gardens in Water End the road was exposed in 1893 in a sewer trench. SE of Water End the road was marked by another parish boundary (now also obsolete). The road probably passed through the Abbey grounds to the SW gate and the river crossing. NRHE summary: Roman road running from York - Clifton - Catterick. The road has been observed in 1893 and in 1954 north east of St Peter's swimming baths where it was composed of cobbles and clay and was approximately 25 feet wide.

Location

Grid reference Centred SE 5922 5285 (1695m by 1808m)
Map sheet SE55SE
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire
Civil Parish Clifton Without, City of York, North Yorkshire

Map

Type and Period (1)

Full Description

NRHE information:

RR 801 Roman Road. York - Clifton (1 mile).
The main road Bootham was evidently a Roman street leading direct from the north-west gate of the Roman fort (SE 65 SW 1) but recent work in the playing fields of St Peter's School has disclosed another road running parallel ( See Authority 2 below). (1)

Road 5, from the north-west enters the city south of the Shipton road (SE 5850 5367 on insert map). Opposite the entrance to Homestead Gardens in Water End (SE 5910 5295) the road, 24 ft. wide, was exposed in 1893 in a sewer trench at a depth of one and a half feet. On the same alignment the road was found in 1954, north-east of St Peter's School Swimming Baths (SE 5945 5256). It was composed of cobbles and clay and approximately 25 ft wide. Extension of the alignment would pass through the gateway of St Mary's Abbey; the grounds of which included the site of an `ancient street' according to a 13th century document. The road was clearly designed to pass in front of the fortress to the south-west gate (possibly linking up with RR 2e - LINEAR 272 and RR 28c - LINEAR 291)

Road 6 linked Road 5 with the north-west gate of the fortress and probably left Road 5 diagonally near Clifton Croft (SE 5982 5252). `Concrete' foundations discovered in 1893 in the Bur Dyke (SE 593 528) may belong to it. A road with a base of heavy cobbles, which had been repaired and widened with building rubble was found in a drainage ditch west of St Olave's School (SE 595 527) in 1954. The road reached Bootham opposite Bootham Terrace (SE 5982 5252) where it changed alignment to follow the line taken by the modern Bootham road. During excavation for a sewer in 1893 the road was found at three points: where it changed alignment opposite Bootham Terrace, opposite St Mary's Abbey (SE 599 524) and south-east of Marygate (SE 600 523).

Road 7 preceded Road 5 on a direct alignment with the north-west gate from a point outside the city (SE 5865 5370 on insert map). In 1929 road-metalling was found near the fountain on Clifton Green (SE 5932 5302) and in front of the White House (SE 5968 5262) in April 1960. (2)

The destination of the road is not mentioned in Margary or RCHME text but the Diagram Showing Approach Roads (Fig.2) of the latter, mark it `From Cataractonivm (Catterick)'. There is no evidence of a continuation of the road north-westwards beyond the points given by RCHME. (3-4)

1 Roman roads in Britain 427 1973 Thomas Codrington
2 An inventory of the historical monuments in the City of York. Volume I: Eburacum: Roman York 2,3 1962 Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, England
3 VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION Richard Mead/20-OCT-1995/RCHME: Archaeological Recording
4 VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION Ordnance Survey Linear Archive File RR 801 in NMRC


RCHME, 1962, Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City of York, Volume 1 Eboracum, P2 (Bibliographic reference). SYO62.

Road 5 from the NW enters the city at NG 588533 south of Shipton Road. Its course from the lane at the back of Homestead Gardens to Water End was formerly marked by a parish boundary now obsolete. Opposite the entrance to Homestead Gardens in Water End the road was exposed in 1893 in a sewer trench. SE of Water End the road was marked by another parish boundary (now also obsolete). The road probably passed through the Abbey grounds to the SW gate and the river crossing.

York Archaeological Trust, 2018, Sycamore Place WB & EXC (Unpublished document). SYO2165.

Sources/Archives (2)

  • --- Unpublished document: York Archaeological Trust. 2018. Sycamore Place WB & EXC.
  • --- Bibliographic reference: RCHME. 1962. Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City of York, Volume 1 Eboracum. 1. P2.

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Jul 7 2020 8:44AM

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