Monument record MYO4293 - Roman industrial/craft site

Summary

It is clear that the site was little used prior to c. AD 160. The creation of a raised embankment to create dry land for buildings, together with associated drainage, represents a deliberate act of planning. It forms part of a pattern of late 2nd to mid-3rd century land reclamation seen on several sites to the immediate south-west of the Ouse. The timber buildings above the terrace were clearly associated with a range of industrial and craft activities. The military nature of the goods produced (leather tents and weaponry), have led to the conclusion that the area south-west of the Ouse was under direct military control at this stage, with production being geared to the needs of the military. The presence of twelve Legio VI stamped tiles in association with the timber buildings may suggest that these timber buildings were roofed with military tiles. It has also been noted that the 24-30 Tanner Row timber buildings incorporated re-used timbers that probably originated from the fortress, which was being heavily rebuilt at the time. Taken together this evidence suggests strong military connections for the site. Later a large stone building was constructed (possibly a public building), in addition, the site was no longer used for industrial purposes. The site was little used between the end of the Roman Empire and the 11-12th century. The stone building survived throughout this period, and was even reused in the 11th- 12th century.

Location

Grid reference SE 5995 5175 (point)
Map sheet SE55SE

Map

Type and Period (1)

Full Description

It is clear that the site was little used prior to c. AD 160. The creation of a raised embankment to
create dry land for buildings, together with associated drainage, represents a deliberate act of
planning. It forms part of a pattern of late 2nd to mid-3rd century land reclamation seen on
several sites to the immediate south-west of the Ouse. The timber
buildings above the terrace were clearly associated with a range of industrial and craft
activities.

There was abundant evidence of craft activity associated with these timber buildings, in the
form of iron-smithing, copper-working, leatherworking and the repair or recycling of weapons. One of the leather finds was a complete panel of a military leather tent.
There were also large quantities of cattle bones, presumably to produce both meat and
leather, with evidence of two breeds of cattle being present.

The military nature of the goods produced (leather tents and weaponry), have led to the conclusion that the area south-west of the Ouse was under direct military control at this
stage, with production being geared to the needs of the military. The presence of twelve Legio
VI stamped tiles in association with the timber buildings may suggest that these timber
buildings were roofed with military tiles. It has also been noted that the 24-30 Tanner Row timber buildings incorporated re-used timbers that probably originated from the fortress, which was being heavily rebuilt at the time. Taken together this evidence suggests strong military connections for the site.

Later a large stone building was constructed (possibly a public building), in addition, the site was no longer used for industrial purposes.
The site was little used between the end of the Roman Empire and the 11-12th century. The
stone building survived throughout this period, and was even reused in the 11th-
12th century.


YAT, 2015, ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS AT THE GENERAL ACCIDENT SITE, 24-30 TANNER ROW (Unpublished document). SYO1924.

YAT, 2015, SW of the Ouse (Unpublished document). SYO1793.

Sources/Archives (2)

  • --- Unpublished document: YAT. 2015. SW of the Ouse.
  • --- Unpublished document: YAT. 2015. ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS AT THE GENERAL ACCIDENT SITE, 24-30 TANNER ROW.

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

May 1 2020 11:01AM

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