Monument record MYO4331 - 41-49 Walmgate Phase 7

Summary

Phase 7 consists of 3 early- mid 14th century buildings, with some evidence of potential metal working and the third building suggestive of being a warehouse. Clear boundary lines are also identifiable at this point.

Location

Grid reference Centred SE 6075 5157 (22m by 21m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire

Map

Type and Period (6)

Full Description

Phase 7- Early-mid 14th century buildings.
Reorganisation of the whole site, with new property division inserted to clarify the ownership of land behind properties built on the Walmgate street frontage. Defined by later robber cut where limestone, tile and mortar foundation identified. Boundary still present in modern day Walmgate. Linear east-west wall identified, consiting of limetsone blocks with cobbles, brick and tile fragments. Wall extended full length of walmgate frontage suggesting new layout imposed on properties.

Formation of new timber-framed building (Q), probably utilising boundary wall and linear east-west wall. Possible hearth close to street front, with size of building suggestive of building Q being a small timber-framed cottage. Possible expansion of building with evidence of new possible central clay hearth, suggestion that maybe two cottages were combined into one building, although uncertain. Evidence of suggested metal working with presence of the hearth and deposits.

Presence of new hearth to south with possible smoke screen represented by postholes. Several clay patches scorched suggesting that industrial activity may have been widespread within the building. Gully, beam slot or robbing cut identified, suggesting that frontage wall was partially robbed and replaced. Possible evidence for two buildings at this point rather than one (Q and P). New building (R) built on eastern side, utilising the new property division defined by the later robber cut described above. Probably also used wall 4005 along Walmgate street frontage, with size of post-pads suggesting a large warehouse rather than domestic building, possibly positioned at right angles to the street frontage. Presence of yard surface south of building Q, constructed of dump deposits, building upon those on phase 6, and cobbled areas. Possible presence of an exterior structure to south of building Q.

Evidence of possible rebuilding of the southern end of the boundary on site in timber, slightly west of original linear.


York Archaeological Trust, 2001, 41-49 Walmgate Assessment Report on an Archaeological Excavation Vol 2 (Unpublished document). SYO744.

York Archaeological Trust, 2001, 41-49 Walmgate Assessment Report on an Archaeological Excavation Vol 3 Context List (Unpublished document). SYO745.

York Archaeological Trust, 2001, Excavations at 41–49 Walmgate, Vol 1 (Unpublished document). SYO202.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Unpublished document: York Archaeological Trust. 2001. Excavations at 41–49 Walmgate, Vol 1.
  • --- Unpublished document: York Archaeological Trust. 2001. 41-49 Walmgate Assessment Report on an Archaeological Excavation Vol 2.
  • --- Unpublished document: York Archaeological Trust. 2001. 41-49 Walmgate Assessment Report on an Archaeological Excavation Vol 3 Context List.

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Apr 17 2018 1:45PM

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