Monument record MYO4867 - Castle Mills
|Grid reference||SE 6054 5130 (point)|
|Unitary Authority||City of York, North Yorkshire|
Type and Period (8)
- MILL (1135, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- MILL (1312, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- MILL (1464, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- MILL (1570, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- GUNPOWDER WORKS (1643, Mid C17 - 1643 AD to 1643 AD)
- MILL (Rebuilt 1650, Mid C17 - 1650 AD to 1650 AD)
- STEAM MILL (Adapted 1778, Late C18 - 1778 AD to 1778 AD)
- MILL (Demolished 1856, Mid C19 - 1856 AD to 1856 AD)
The Castle Mills, first mentioned in about 1135, were soon afterwards granted to the Knights Templar. On the suppression of the Order they came into the king's possession in 1312 and in 1464 were granted to St. Leonard's Hospital. At the dissolution of the Hospital they were retained by the Crown until 1570 and soon afterwards were part of the endowments of Sir Thomas Hesketh's Hospital at Heslington. After severe damage by an explosion in 1643 when used to grind gunpowder, they were rebuilt in 1650, perhaps on a slightly different site, and in 1778 equipped with a steam engine. They were finally demolished in 1856.
'York Castle', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 2, the Defences (London, 1972), pp. 57-86.
Position of the old Castle Mills is shown on the 1852 Ordnance Survey map
Civil War Gunpowder Mills, recorded as being severely damaged in 1643, when a nearby mill used to grind gunpodwer blew up.
1073973 Measured Survey RCHME: Dangerous Energy Project
People and Organisations
Manufacturer Castle Mills 1642 1643
Recorder WAYNE COCROFT Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England 1994-04-01 1997-03-01 RCHME staff: Keele 1986-97, Cambridge 1997-present (Audit Group: SURVEY)
NMR, NMR data (Unpublished document). SYO2214.
RCHME, 1972, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City of York, Volume II The Defences (Monograph). SYO63.
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Record last edited
Aug 1 2020 3:45PM