Monument record MYO4883 - York United Gas Company (Layerthorpe)


Site of gasworks built in 1880-85 by York United Gas Company, and designed by Vitruvius Watt, straddling the River Foss. The structures on the West bank have all been demolished, but the east bank retains one holder and a distillatiion plant. The east bank has recently been redeveloped for mixed residential, office and hotel use. The York Gas Light Company was formed in 1822 and incorporated in 1823. The works were established at Monk Bridge on the river Foss. In 1837 a rival undertaking, The York Union Gas Light Company (MYO3695) was formed and land purchased from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for works at Hungate. The two undertakings continued in competition until 1844 when they amalgamated to form the York United Gas Light Company. In 1850 the Hungate works were closed and extensions made to the Monk Bridge site. In 1879 additional lands were obtained at Heworth Green on the opposite side of the river. The two sites were eventually connected by a bridge. In 1912 the undertaking was reincorporated as the York Gas Company. In 1936, the holding company United Kingdom Gas Corporation obtained a controlling interest in York GC. The company continued to operate as part of UKGC until nationalisation in 1949 when it was vested in the NEGB and became part of the York / Harrogate Group of NEGB (Historic England)


Grid reference Centred SE 6094 5240 (306m by 265m)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

NMR Information

1 National Record of Industrial Monuments Recorded by J Tanner, 16-Jan-1967, Record No.YO122

1511398 Desk Based Assessment National Record of Industrial Monuments

NRI01 National Record of Industrial Monuments (NRIM): Index Cards. This material has not yet been fully catalogued. Copyright, date, and quantity information for this record may be incomplete or inaccurate.The collection consists of topographically arranged index cards and copies relating to individual monuments and county lists of monuments associated with the National Record of Industrial Monuments (NRIM) between 1963 and 1980.

The NRIM was set up by the Council for British Archaeology (CBA) in 1963 and administration was taken over by the University of Bath in 1965. Record cards for individual buildings were completed by interested parties and submitted. Sets of cards were maintained by the CBA, University of Bath (latterly the Industrial Monuments Survey) and the National Monuments Record.In 2012 the collection was updated by Heritage Data and where appropriate monuments were allocated a county designation number.

Industrial Railway Society (Unpublished document). SYO2674.

NMR, 2019, NMR data (Digital archive). SYO2214.

Historic England, 2020, The Manufactured Gas Industry Vol 3 (Report). SYO2643.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Digital archive: NMR. 2019. NMR data.
  • --- Report: Historic England. 2020. The Manufactured Gas Industry Vol 3.
  • --- Unpublished document: Industrial Railway Society.

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Aug 23 2021 1:33PM


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