Monument record MYO4923 - Hospital Of St Mary In The Horsefair

Summary

Following the move of the Carmelite Friary (SE65SW307) from the Horsefair to Stonebow Lane in 1295, the site of the Friary was occupied by St Mary's Hospital. It was originally founded as a chantry by the Dean of York, and licensed as a chapel in 1315.

Location

Grid reference SE 6021 5261 (point)
Map sheet SE65SW
Unitary Authority City of York, North Yorkshire

Map

Type and Period (3)

Full Description

It was originally founded as a chantry by the Dean of York, and licensed as a chapel in 1315. In 1318 it was enlarged into a hospital for a master, two assistant chaplains, and beds for six aged and infirm chaplains. At the time of its Dissolution in 1557 it was described as ruinous, although apparently 20 years earlier it had been in a fit state. Excavations in 1972 recovered the plan of two of the hospital buildings, built on the friary chapel, and probably representing the infirmary and adjacent chapel. Outbuildings for almspeople were also discovered to the West of the infirmary. There was a major reorganisation of the complex in the mid 15th and early 16th centuries.

THE HOSPITAL OF ST. MARY BOOTHAM, YORK

This hospital was founded by Robert de Pikeryng, Dean of York. The original intention was to found a chantry in a chapel of St. Mary, which Pikeryng intended to build for divine worship at Bootham, by York, where the Carmelite prior and friars formerly dwelt, and for that purpose he obtained licence from Edward II, dated 28 January 1315, to endow the chantry.

The chantry was enlarged in 1318 into a hospital for six aged and infirm chaplains, and Robert de Pikeryng further endowed it with the church of Stillingfleet a vicarage being ordained in the church in 1330.The dues from the hospital to the vicar of Stillingfieet were complained of as too burdensome by John Ashfordby, the master, and Archbishop Kemp issued a commission to inquire into the matter. In 1452 there was an inquiry as to the patronage of the hospital. The jurors stated that Richard Egglesfeld, esquire, and Elizabeth his wife had presented Marmaduke Constable, clerk, on 24 July 1452, to the office of custos, vacant by the death of John Ashfordby the last custos, on the 12th of that month; that William Eure, kt., had presented Ashfordby by the right and title of Isabella, the eldest daughter of Robert le Bruse, the patron while he lived; and that Richard Egglesfeld and Elizabeth his wife, the second daughter of Robert le Bruse, were then the true patrons. Marmaduke Constable was therefore instituted on 27 July.

For some reason William Eure, kt., in September 1483 granted the advowson of the hospital of the Blessed Mary 'in le Horsfair,' of which he was patron, to Queen Anne, consort of Richard III, who presented Dom. William Cerffe, monk of Meaux, to the mastership, vacant by the death of William Eure. On 22 February 1486 Sir William Eure exercised his patronage by appointing Robert Bothe, LL.D., to the mastership, vacant by the cession of Brother William Cerffe, to whom a yearly pension of 20 marks was assigned. The hospital apparently formed a shelter for blind priests, among others.

On 4 January 1535 W. Frankelyn, priest, wrote to Cromwell that an endeavour had been made to discover the titles of the hospital of our Lady in Bootham, called the Horsefair, in vain. The archbishops' registers had then been searched, and the names of Brus, Nevill, Pykering, Eure, Marshall, and Egglesfeld were found among those who had presented as founders, but by what title could not be said. In 1556 it was reported of 'thospitall of our Ladie in Bowthome called Horse Faire' that 'the same standith as yet not dissolved, and John Golding, clerk, is master of the same, and the goods therof was not taiken awaie then as Sir Thomas Leder and Sir Water (sic) Langcaster, being brethren of the same hospitall, haith declared unto us, lijs. jd.'

Masters

Richard de Grymston, occurs 1318

Hugh called Walgh de Pykering, priest, appointed 13 August 1330, resigned

Richard de Killum, succeeded 25 July 1331

John Pulhore, resigned 1338

Walter de Harpham, succeeded 1338, exchanged 1347

John de Ellerker, 1347

Robert Worschipp, succeeded 17 June 1349

Robert de Boxeby, 31 March 1360, died

William de Donyngton, (fn. 132) succeeded 5 August 1369, resigned

Walter Coupland, succeeded 27 September 1412,resigned

Thomas Petlyng, succeeded 11 November 1413, exchanged 1416

William Crosse, canon of Lincoln, 1 April 1416, resigned

Robert Frend, sub-deacon, succeeded 15 May 1421, resigned

Marmaduke Lumley, LL.B., prebendary of Osmotherley, succeeded 12 December 1424, became Bishop of Carlisle 1430

Robert Gamyll, priest, succeeded 8 August 1430

John Ashfordby, died 1452

Marmaduke Constable, succeeded 27 July 1452, died

William Eure, succeeded 1453

William Cerffe, monk of Meaux, succeeded 18 September 1483, resigned

Robert Bothe, LL.D., succeeded 22 February 1486-7, died

William Sheffield, Dec. D., succeeded 6 August 1488

Simon Senous, succeeded 2 January 1496-7, resigned

Martin Colyns, Dec. D., succeeded 2 October 1500, died

John Withers, A.M., succeeded 5 May 1509, died

Thomas Marcer, succeeded 20 August 1536

John Golding, occurs 1556

'Hospitals: York', in A History of the County of York: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1974), pp. 336-352.


Victoria County History ed. William Page, 1974, A History of the County of York Volume 3 (Bibliographic reference). SYO2397.

York Archaeological Trust, 2016, Untitled Source (Unpublished document). SYO2692.

NMR, 2019, NMR data (Digital archive). SYO2214.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Digital archive: NMR. 2019. NMR data.
  • --- Bibliographic reference: Victoria County History ed. William Page. 1974. A History of the County of York Volume 3. 3.
  • --- Unpublished document: York Archaeological Trust. 2016.

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Sep 24 2021 3:07PM

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