Building record MYO803 - 21 & 25 Stonegate

Summary

No summary available.

Location

Grid reference SE 6025 5203 (point)
Map sheet SE65SW
Civil Parish York, City of York, North Yorkshire

Map

Type and Period (8)

Full Description

Formerly known as: Nos.16, 17 AND 18 STONEGATE. Three houses; now two shops. C15 origins; part raised in late C16, part in C18; extension to No.25 c1700, other extensions late C19; C19 shopfront, altered. Restored 1974. MATERIALS: original building timber-framed, front now plastered; extension of c1700 in orange-red brick in English garden-wall bond; other wings of orange-brown brick in Flemish bond and orange brick in English garden-wall bond: plain tile roofs and brick stack. EXTERIOR: 4-bay front, left two bays 2-storeyed with attics, right two bays 3 storeys and gabled: first floor and second floor of right end bay jettied. Shopfronts framed in plain pilasters with moulded imposts beneath cased jetty bressumer have glazed and panelled shop doors and plate glass windows over panelled risers: passage entrance in centre closed by pair of slatted ramped-up gates with brass plate incorporating "T Anderson MD" in foliate border at left side. On first floor, both end windows are oriels, right one with 16-pane centre sash, left one with tall 3-pane casements: in centre, two 16-pane sashes. Second floor windows to No.21 are one 16-pane sash, one 4-pane fixed light. Dormers to left end bays are raking, with 12- or 9-pane lights. Rear: wing to No.21 carried on colonnade of cast-iron columns with leaf capitals over half width of through passage. 3-storied wing at rear of No.21 has 16-pane first floor sash, 4-pane second floor sash, both with soldier brick arches, and hipped roof. Window over passageway is narrow 12-pane sash with segmental brick arch. 3-storey wing at rear of No.25 is gabled: first and second floor windows are 2- and 3-light casements. INTERIOR: timber-frame exposed extensively on all floors of front range. In left of centre bay, winder staircase rises from first to second floor with close strings, slender turned balusters, square newels and steeply ramped moulded handrail. Blocked small round-headed cast-iron fireplaces survive in rear ground floor room to right of passage, and in first floor right end room. HISTORICAL NOTE: from 1898 to 1902, George Walton, designer and collaborator in Glasgow with Charles Rennie Mackintosh, worked from premises at No.21 Stonegate. (City of York: RCHME: The Central Area: HMSO: 1981-: 228).
Listing NGR: SE6025852038

Derived from English Heritage LB download dated: 22/08/2005

(479) Houses, Nos. 21, 25 (Plate 125; Fig. 146), now a single shop, are 15th-century in origin and comprised four bays of a two-storeyed timber-framed range, roofed parallel to Stonegate. On the S.W. It adhjoined a range of similar type and date (478) and probably continued one bay further to the N.E. (see(481)). The upper storey is jettied and originally contained rooms open to the roof. In the 16th century the S.W. Bay was heightened to provide attics, at the same time as Nos. 17, 19 (478), and the second bay from S.W. Was heightened to provide attics at a different time. The two bays at the N.E. end have not been heightened but have had floors inserted and dormers added. There is now evidence for any timber-framed wings; a brick wing behind the north-easternmost bay is of 17th or 18th-century date, but those behind the other bays are additions of the second half of the 19th century. Restoration work in 1974 uncovered some features of the timber-framed building not previously visible.

The front elevation is rendered and the ground floor filled with 19th-century and modern shop frnots; one bay is occupied by a wide passageway through to No. 23 Stonegate (480). The first-floor jetty projects only slightly beyond the sghop fronts of the ground floor. The second floor of the S.W. Bay is also jettied and this has a greater overhang. The fenestration of the upper floors is of 18th-century and later date. The original building was between 17 and 17 1/2 ft. deep and the bays measured on average beween 8 1/2 and 9 1/2 ft. Wide. Much of the timber framing is no longer visible. Fragments of exposed framing show main posts with enlarged heads and widely spaced studs and curved braces. On the second floor, the original framing of the roof trusses, with a crown-post carrying a collar-purlin in its enlarged head and with crossing-braces from the crown-post to the cambered tie-beam and from the tie-beam to the common rafters, remains at the N.E. End of the second bay from N.E. ; the collar-purlin has been curtailed and trhe brace from the crown-post up to it has been removed. In the S.W. Bay the 16th-century heightening was formed by posts and studs of thin scantling. The front wall had braces from the bressumer up to the posts and was filled with narrow bricks on edge and plastered, at the S.W. End, an inserted chimney-stack cuts into the original roof truss. Behind the remains of this truss and with its tie-beam and apex at the same level, the N.E. Trussof Monument (478) is exposed. This has almost identical framing, but with side-purlins. The floor-boards in the N.E. Bay were about 1 ft. wide and formerly had a lime-ash floor on top of them.

SYO65: 1981. An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City of York. Volume V, the Central Area. P 228. London: RCHME

Nos. 21 and 25 are of C15 origin with a crown-post roof.

Pevsner N and Neave D 1972. The Buildings of England:Yorkshire: York and the East Riding, p234. London: Penguin


RCHME, 1981, City of York Volume V: The Central Area (Monograph). SYO65.

Sources/Archives (1)

  • --- Monograph: RCHME. 1981. City of York Volume V: The Central Area.

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Record last edited

Sep 30 2014 5:24PM

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