Monument record MYO4230 - YORK CITY WALLS (TOWER 2) Chainage 100


Semi-circular interval tower projecting in front of the tower wall, and not bonded to the wall which is on a different alignment to the inner face of the tower. Probably Medieval, and added after it was realised that the spacing between the major towers was too great.


Grid reference SE 6022 5120 (point)
Map sheet SE65SW
Civil Parish York, City of York, North Yorkshire


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Tower 2 (NG 60235120.) is semicircular, 16⅓ ft. wide and projecting 7 ft. 2 ins. in front of the wall. There is a double chamfered plinth around the base where footings are visible. It is not bonded into the wall, which is on a slightly different alignment from its inner face.

2019 Test pits suggested a combination of shallow footings the tower and the wall combined with the rubble infill of the tower have contributed to structural movement. Concrete underpinning was noted in one test pit suggesting that the subsidence is an historical issue.

In 2021 the Victorian parapet wall was carefully removed due to structural movement and cracking. The wall was then rebuilt and strengthened. This work provided insight to the sequence of events, from the construction of the rampart to all stages of Tower 2 construction and renovation.
In summary, It is likely most of the structure below the previous extant floor level is related to the original construction of the tower in the early-mid 14th century (RCHME, 1972), with several
repair and remodelling events from that date to the early modern period. Everything above and including the current walkway is nineteenth century and later in date (YAT 2021).

RCHME, 1972, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City of York, Volume II The Defences, p91 (Monograph). SYO63.

YAT, 2019, Tower 2 City Walls EVA (Unpublished document). SYO2444.

Mason Clark, 2020, Tower 2 Slope Stability Analysis (Unpublished document). SYO2443.

York Archaeological Trust, 2021, Tower 2 City Walls EVA and WB (Unpublished document). SYO2668.

Sources/Archives (4)

  • --- Unpublished document: Mason Clark. 2020. Tower 2 Slope Stability Analysis.
  • --- Unpublished document: YAT. 2019. Tower 2 City Walls EVA.
  • --- Unpublished document: York Archaeological Trust. 2021. Tower 2 City Walls EVA and WB.
  • --- Monograph: RCHME. 1972. An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City of York, Volume II The Defences. p91.

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (3)

Related Events/Activities (5)

Record last edited

Jan 7 2022 3:50PM


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