Monument record MYO3494 - Field System south of Elvington Airfield
|Grid reference||Centred SE 6678 4672 (155m by 139m)|
|Civil Parish||Elvington, City of York, North Yorkshire|
|Civil Parish||Wheldrake, City of York, North Yorkshire|
|Unitary Authority||City of York, North Yorkshire|
Type and Period (10)
- DITCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
- DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
- FIELD SYSTEM (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
- FIELD SYSTEM (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- ROUND HOUSE (DOMESTIC) (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
- SQUARE BARROW (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
- TRACKWAY (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
- TRACKWAY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
The cropmarks of an extensive site comprising a field system of rectilinear enclosures, associated round houses, are visible to the west and south of Wheldrake Wood, centred at SE 6505 4635. The field system is largely rectilinear in nature and there are many double-ditched elements, although whether these relate to enclosures or trackways is not entirely clear. Probable Iron Age/Roman date.
An extensive Iron Age/Roman field system is visible as cropmarks on air photographs. It comprises rectilinear enclosures with associated round houses and trackways. A possible Iron Age square barrow was also identified. The cropmarks are visible to the west and south of Wheldrake Wood.
The above enclosure complex was transcribed at a scale of 1:10,000 as part of the Vale of York Project. The field system is quite extensive, extending north to south for 1.2 km and west to east for 1.1 km. A possible Iron Age square barrow was identified at SE 6501 4608. A large D-shaped enclosure (130m x 130m) was also identified, centred at SE 6543 4596. It appears to be a different phase from the field system, but the relationship between the two is uncertain. A further enclosure complex lies to the north-east (recorded in SE 64 NE 5), north of Wheldrake Wood, and to the
west (recorded in SE 64 NW 14) which is probably part of the same field system. Additional rectilinear enclosures and field boundaries in the western part of this complex are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs taken in July 2002.
Iron Age/Roman ditched enclosures and round house are visible on air photographs, centred at SE 6680 4672. A possible Iron Age square barrow was also identified. More extensive field systems lie to west (SE 64 NE 3) and east (SE 64 NE 2), but the relationship between this group of enclosures and the field systems is uncertain.
1 Oblique aerial photograph reference number NMR SE 6646/27 (12729/35) 01-AUG-1995
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (2)
Related Events/Activities (4)
Record last edited
Jul 19 2019 4:29PM