Monument record MYO4663 - YORK CITY WALL between Multangular Tower and Anglian Tower (Chainage 1500-1600)
|Grid reference||Centred SE 6004 5213 (77m by 87m)|
|Civil Parish||York, City of York, North Yorkshire|
Type and Period (2)
This stretch of wall was built to stand in front of the original earthen rampart which dates from AD
71, the time of the founding of the fortress. Jeffrey Radley’s excavation at the Anglian Tower (Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 1972) revealed the construction trench for the wall cut
into the early rampart, and showed how the rampart had been reconstructed and heightened after the wall had been built. The wall itself is c.1.5m thick and originally stood c.5m high to the level of
the wall-walk along which the soldiers would have patrolled. As a result of the 1971 excavation it is now known that there was also a tile cornice which stepped out at the top of the wall below the parapet. Remains of the cornice can best be seen where the wall passes in front of interval tower NWl.
Up to seventeen courses of facing stones survive above ground in the area under discussion and they rise steadily from north-east to south-west, presumably reflecting the contours of the-natural ground surface. The stones have an average height of c.l0cm and few deviate from this to any great
extent. There are numerous examples of tooling marks on the stones which were left by the masons after final finishing of the faces. These marks are not distributed evenly, however, and there are virtually none north-east of the 'Anglian' Tower. Most common are short horizontal marks made by a toothed chisel (INTERIM 1995).
RCHME, 1972, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City of York, Volume II The Defences (Monograph). SYO63.
YAT, 1995, INTERIM 20, 20/2 (Serial). SYO2660.
- Conservation Area Conservation Area 1: Central Historic Core Conservation Area
- Listed Building (I) 463052: CITY WALL FROM MULTANGULAR TOWER TO REAR OF NUMBER 8 ST LEONARDS PLACE
- Scheduled Monument 1004910: City Walls, gates, posterns (not including the section from Bootham Bar to Monk Bar, N of the Minster, now part of National Monument No 13280), moats, mounds, Bayle (or Baile) Hill, St Leonard's Hospital and Merchant Taylor's Hall, Aldwark
Related Monuments/Buildings (6)
- Part of: York City Walls in entirety (Monument) (MYO3631)
- Related to: Legionary Fortress (Eboracum) (Monument) (MYO2015)
- Related to: YORK CITY WALLS (MULTANGULAR TOWER AND WALL ATTACHED TO SOUTH EAST) (Monument) (MYO1075)
- Related to: YORK CITY WALLS (MULTANGULAR TOWER TO REAR OF 8 STLEONARD'S) (Monument) (MYO1732)
- Related to: YORK CITY WALLS RAMPART (Multangular Tower to Anglian Tower) (Monument) (MYO4664)
- Related to: YORK CITY WALLS Tower 19 (ANGLIAN TOWER) (Monument) (MYO1090)
Related Events/Activities (0)
Record last edited
Sep 17 2021 11:21AM