Monument record MYO2014 - Clementhorpe Nunnery (St Clements Priory)
|Grid reference||Centred SE 60311 51068 (256m by 97m)|
|Unitary Authority||City of York, North Yorkshire|
Type and Period (7)
- INHUMATION CEMETERY (Founded 1125-33, Medieval - 1125 AD to 1536 AD)
- BENEDICTINE NUNNERY (Founded 1125-33, Medieval - 1125 AD to 1133 AD)
- LIME KILN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- CHURCH (Medieval - 1125 AD to 1133 AD)
- PRIORY (Founded 1125-33, Medieval - 1125 AD to 1536 AD)
- PRECINCT WALL (Founded 1125-1133, Medieval - 1125 AD to 1536 AD)
- BENEDICTINE NUNNERY (Dissolved 1536, Medieval - 1536 AD to 1536 AD)
(SE 6032 5107) Remains of St Clement's Church (united with St Mary's AD 1585) and site of the Nunnery of St Clement (Benedictine) Founded AD 1145.
(SE 6025 3110 - SE 6028 5110) Stone Walls.
(SE 6033 5110 - SE 6039 5110) Remains of the Nunnery Wall. (1)
The priory of St Clement was founded between 1125 and 1133 by Archbishop Thurstan and was suppressed in 1536. (2-3). Excavations in 1976-77 by the York Archaeological Trust revealed fragmentary structures and some 250 medieval burials. Exact identification of the features proved difficult because of massive disturbance in post-medieval times but the relative position of the burials suggest that they lay within the nunnery church itself. It therefore seems probable that the church lay to the north of where it is located on 19th century maps. Study of the 17th and early 19th century drawings of the priory suggest that the structures depicted were part of the south claustral range and not those of the nunnery church.
It was possible to delineate the approximate extent of the precinct of the priory from cartographic evidence. The single frament of presumed precinct wall (RCHM) was examined in detail before excavation and was found to stand on footings containing post-medieval brickwork; the location and the alignment were completely at odds with the cartographic evidence. (2) RCHM reference. (4). (For Roman remains seen in the same excavations see SE 65 SW 53).
1 Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) Ordnance Survey 1:1056 Scale Map - York 15 1852
2 VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION Dobson R B & Donaghey S. 1984. `The History of Clementhorpe Nunnery' - The Archaeology of York Volume 2 - Historical Sources for York Archaeology after AD 1100. Fascicule 1. (ed P V Addyman) Plans. Drawings.
3 Medieval religious houses in England and Wales 269 by David Knowles and R Neville Hadcock
4 An inventory of the historical monuments in the City of York. Volume III: south-west of the Ouse 48 Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, England
NMR, NMR data (Unpublished document). SYO2214.
- --- SYO2214 Unpublished document: NMR. NMR data.
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (4)
Record last edited
Dec 16 2019 4:20PM